What is Anti-social Behaviour?
The Mid Sussex Partnership recognises that anti-social behaviour is a general term, and that it is used to describe a number of different crimes and incidents. Anti-social behaviour covers a variety of unacceptable behaviours committed by a minority of people that has a negative impact on others and can affect the quality of life of local communities.
In terms of legislation the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 describes anti-social behaviour as:
a) 'any conduct that has caused, or is likely to cause, harassment, alarm or distress to any person'
b) 'conduct capable of causing nuisance or annoyance to a person in relation to that person's occupation or residential premises' or
c) 'conduct capable of causing housing-related nuisance or annoyance to any person'
Essentially this demonstrates that anti-social behaviour can include a range of behaviours such as noise nuisance, intimidation, harassment, abusive language, fly-tipping, selling drugs, rough sleepers impacting on the community and damage to property (this is not an exhaustive list).
As a result the Mid Sussex Partnership has adopted recent government guidance in determining anti-social behaviour. This guidance applies a ‘harm- based’ model that focuses on three areas: Personal harm, public nuisance and environmental harm.
- Personal harm is where an individual or individuals suffer physical, mental or emotional harm. These types of incidents are often those where an individual is specifically targeted, bullied or victimised. Hate Crimes fall into this category
- Public nuisance occurs when an individual uses inconsiderate behaviour that has the potential to impact negatively on another individual or group.
- Environmental harm is behaviour that causes harm to the environment such as graffiti, dropping litter etc.
What is not considered to be Anti-social Behaviour?
Every incident of anti-social behaviour and hate crime will be investigated by the Partnership. However there are some incidents that will not be considered to be anti-social behaviour:
- Domestic abuse incidents (Call Sussex Police in an emergency on 999 or 101 to report concerns)
- Some matters pertaining to nuisance caused by animals (e.g. sheep in someone’s garden)
- Highway parking complaints
- Driveway ownership/access disputes (West Sussex Mediation Service can be contacted for help www.wsms.org.uk or 01403 257800)
- Property boundary disputes (West Sussex Mediation Service can be contacted for help www.wsms.org.uk or 01403 257800)
- Disputes between members of the same households (neighbour/family disputes) (West Sussex Mediation Service can be contacted for help www.wsms.org.uk or 01403 257800)
- High hedge complaints (Mid Sussex District Council Planning Department can be contacted on 01444 477458 or firstname.lastname@example.org )
- Business activities associated with either commercial or private premises
- Housing and other benefit fraud (Contact the National Fraud Hotline on 0800 854 440 or email@example.com)
- Common lifestyle differences e.g. day to day living, noise, children playing