Industrial Processes

Controlling pollution from industry

The Basics

  • The local authority must by law regulate certain types of industry and other activities such as dry cleaners.  This is to reduce any pollution they may cause and, in particular, to help improve air quality.
  • Businesses that operate these installations must obtain a permit. 
  • Local authorities decide whether to issue a permit.  If they do so, they must set down in writing how the pollution is to be minimised.  For many installations (known as ‘Part B'), local authorities can only deal with air pollution.  For some (known as ‘A2'), they must look at many environmental impacts.
  • Information about permits must be put on a register which is available to view by members of the public.

Which Installations are regulated?

  • Local authorities regulate about 80 different types of installation nationwide, including brickworks and foundries, petrol stations and concrete crushers, sawmills and paint manufacturers.
  • The Regulations say exactly which installations need a permit.  In several cases only installations over a certain size need one.
  • Other installations (known as ‘A1') are regulated by the Environment Agency.  They are usually larger or more complex.
  • Installations regulated by Mid Sussex District Council

How are they regulated?

  • The operator of a listed installation must apply for a permit.  They pay a fee for doing so, which is to cover the local authority's costs. 
  • The local authority must consider the application and decide whether or not to approve it.  The authority must consult relevant members of the public and other organisations.
  • If the authority issues a permit, it must include conditions.  These conditions will say how pollution is to be minimised. 
  • If the authority refuses a permit, the business can appeal to the Government.  A business can also appeal if it has received a permit but does not agree with any of the conditions.
  • Once a permit is issued, the operator must comply with the permit conditions.  The operator must pay an annual charge which covers the local authority costs of checking that the permit is complied with.
  • Local authorities rate most regulated installations as high, medium or low risk. 
    This is based on two things
    1. What the environmental impact would be if something went wrong;
    2. How reliable and effective the operator of the installation is.


The Dry Cleaners solvent inventory spreadsheet can be downloaded here.
You will need to save it in Excel before using it.


Environmental Protection Team
Tel: (01444) 477292